Category Archives: Non-USA

Other than USA

Fine marble art, flower patterns in Agra, India- less admired part of the famous Taj Mahal

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In Taj Mahal and Agra fort, there is very nice work in marble. What you see in picture above is different colored (mostly marble of different type) chipped in to white marble to create beautiful flower patterns. This was done around 350 years ago. The photo above is taken inside Taj Mahal.

The photo below is also taken inside Taj Mahal. Near Mumtaz’s tomb.

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Another photo inside Taj Mahal

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The photo below is from Agra Fort, near Taj Mahal, India. This fort is also a must-see attraction in Agra.

marble carving

In 1631, Shah Jahan, emperor during the Mughal empire‘s period of greatest prosperity, was grief-stricken when his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal, a Persian princess, died during the birth of their 14th child, Gauhara Begum.[15] Construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632.[16] The court chronicles of Shah Jahan’s grief illustrate the love story traditionally held as an inspiration for Taj Mahal.[17][18] The principal mausoleum was completed in 1648 and the surrounding buildings and garden were finished five years later. Emperor Shah Jahan himself described the Taj in these words:[19]

Should guilty seek asylum here,
Like one pardoned, he becomes free from sin.
Should a sinner make his way to this mansion,
All his past sins are to be washed away.
The sight of this mansion creates sorrowing sighs;
And the sun and the moon shed tears from their eyes.
In this world this edifice has been made;
To display thereby the creator’s glory.

Sidi Saiyyed Mosque, Ahmedabad, India

Sidi Seyed Jali, Ahmedabad

 

The Sidi Saiyyed Mosque(સિદૂી સૈયદ ની જાળી), built in 1573(૧૫૭૩), is one of the most famous mosques of Ahmedabad. As attested by the marble stone tablet fixed on the wall of the mosque, it was built by Sidi Saeed or Sidi Saiyyed, an Abyssinian in the retinue of Bilal Jhajar Khan, general in the army of the last Sultan Shams-ud-Din Muzaffar Shah III of the Gujarat Sultanate.[1]

The mosque was built in the last year of the existence of Sultanate of Gujarat.[1] The mosque is entirely arcuated and is famous for beautifully carved ten stone latticework windows (jalis) on the side and rear arches. The rear wall is filled with square stone pierced panels in geometrical designs. The two bays flanking the central aisle have reticulated stone slabs carved in designs of intertwined trees and foliage and a palm motif. This intricately carved lattice stone window is the Sidi Saiyyed Jali, the unofficial symbol of city of Ahmedabad and the inspiration for the design of the logo of the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad.